Aliphatic Glue vs PVA (When To Use Which One & Why)

Woodworking activities demand a good adhesive and thus you can easily get in a dilemma between different types of wood glues. However, Aliphatic and PVA glues share many similar factors that you might wonder what’s the exact difference between Aliphatic vs PVA. Or can they be substitutes for each other?

Aliphatic glue and PVA differ in grip characteristics before the initial set. Moreover, the Aliphatic glue is chemically modified to provide better effectiveness than PVA. 

Aliphatic Glue vs PVA
Aliphatic Glue vs PVA

No worries. Here’s a detailed comparison between the two adhesives so that you find your answer and can easily choose the right one. So let’s get started!

Table of Contents

Aliphatic Glue VS. PVA

Aliphatic Glue vs PVA

Here’s a quick comparison table between Aliphatic vs PVA adhesive. Overviewing the table will save you time if you’re in a rush and can’t stay till the end of this article. 

Considering FactorsAliphatic GluePVA Adhesive
Product TypeFast-drying synthetic adhesiveNon toxic adhesive
MaterialAliphatic CompoundPolyvinyl Acetate
Moisture ResistanceMore resistance Less resistance 
Special FeatureBetter initial grip ability Archival neutral ph formula
Initial TackMore initial tackLess initial tack
Material To UsePorous materials Porous materials 
UsageSeveral usageSeveral usage

What Is Aliphatic Glue?

Aliphatic Glue

Aliphatic glue is the yellow glue that is quite similar to PVA. But this glue is chemically modified for being more waterproof and robust. It’s popularly sold as “carpenter’s wood glue“. 

Pros

  • Takes a shorter time for clamping
  • Create a stronger bond than wood
  • Easy cleanup with water
  • Excellent standability

Cons

  • Need good clamping pressure
  • Dries too fast

What Is PVA?

PVA Glue

PVA or Polyvinyl acetate glue is the common glue product that is widely used in the USA. Typically, it is used to work with paper or wood. So the glue is also called “wood glue“. You’ll find different types of brands for PVA glue. Among them Elmer’s glue is one of the top rated PVA glue. If you have Elmer’s glue at home that means you belong to a PVA glue.

Pros

  • Non-toxic formula provide safety 
  • Great option for making white slime base
  • Easy for kids to use and less mess
  • Great for home and school 

Cons

  • Not waterproof

Aliphatic Glue Vs. PVA: Detail Comparison

Since you get a brief idea about the both adhesives, now learn the basic factors where the adhesives are different from each other. 

1. Ingredients Used In The Formula

With several similarities, Aliphatic glue and PVA differ in their construction components. However, learning about the component will help you to determine which one offers the strongest bond for your purpose.

  • Aliphatic Glue

Aliphatic resin is a synthetic adhesive which is made from an aliphatic compound. It comes with a light yellow color and creamy textures. You can get a strong adhesion to wood due to its formation type.

  • PVA

Besides, PVA glue is made of polyvinyl acetate. Basically, it’s a pH-neutral formula which is greatly strong and compatible with most common wood and offers a good bond after curing. 

Winner: PVA 

2. Features

There are some unique features of both the glues that are noticeably different from each other. So let’s find out what to expect from the adhesives.

  • Aliphatic Glue

Aliphatic glue dries quite faster than other glues. It penetrates fast into the wooden joints. (Internal link vs Unstressed Joint) You can apply this glue before or after the assembly of wooden parts.

  • PVA

In contrast to Aliphatic glue, PVA adhesives take a quite longer time to dry. It completely becomes clean once it dries. On top, PVA adhesives don’t contain any VOCs. That’s why it’s ultimately safe for anyone to use, including kids. 

Winner: Draw

3. Usable Materials

Finding the better adhesive for your woodworking project, also requires knowing on which specific materials you can use the adhesive. 

  • Aliphatic Glue

Aliphatic glues are designed for use on porous materials. It plays effectively over the wood, leather, hardboard, particleboard, cloth and many other porous materials. 

  • PVA 

On the other hand, PVA glues can cover a massive range of materials. PVA glues work great for wood, paper, textiles, sandstone, fabrics, and ceramics too. Though you might not find it great for glass or metal. 

Winner: Draw

4. Grip Characteristics

Though Aliphatic and PVA have similar user profiles, the two glues have a clear distinction in grip characteristics before the initial set. 

  • Aliphatic Glue

This Aliphatic yellow glue has more initial grip when you apply it on a wood material. 

  • PVA Glue

Otherwise, PVA adhesives tend to slip while assembling. So you need to be careful and use clamping for proper wood bondings. 

Winner: Aliphatic Glue

5. Serve Multiple Purposes

Though both the glues are great for woodworking, since they have other special uses. 

  • Aliphatic Glue 

As a carpenter’s glue, Aliphatic glue is a fast drying glue that is ideal for hardware,  woodworking and other carpenter’s projects. 

  • PVA 

Polyvinyl acetate or white glue is popular for crafts and light uses. Although due to its super strength, it’s also efficiently used on woodworking projects. 

Winner: Draw

6. Benefits

Looking at the benefits of both adhesives, you can determine the best choice between them. Because both have some exclusive benefits.

  • Aliphatic Glue

Aliphatic glues offer you an excellent bonding strength and moderate resistance. It becomes tough after drying. Therefore, it causes only a few drips at a higher temperature and heavier consistency. Plus, it can withstand more heat and water resistance than PVA. 

  • PVA

PVA adhesives are non-toxic and easy to use. Because of easy to use and safe formula, this adhesive is widely popular among the carpenters as well as others. Nevertheless, it remains flexible after curing. 

Winner: Draw

7. Performance

For the performance, we must say both the glues have the ability for superior bonding strength.

  • Aliphatic Glue

With aliphatic glues, you can easily sand the excess glue after drying. Aliphatic glues take approximately 24 hours to entirely cure and reach their maximum strength. It works best between 10°C to 43°C. Once it dries, it becomes a pale tan, translucent or amber color. 

  • PVA

By contrast, PVA adhesive glue takes almost 30 minutes to clamp. Though it takes the same time of 24 hours for completely curing  like Aliphatic glue. But make sure you fit the joints tightly to get maximum strength. Therefore, PVA glues can be cleaned easily.

Winner: Draw

FAQs

Is PVA waterproof when dry?

PVA glues are not waterproof but are mostly used for industrial purposes, because of its water resistance ability. So you can assume that the glue can sustain multiple cycles of soaking/drying. 

Is Titebond a Aliphatic glue?

Titebond Original is an aliphatic resin emulsion glue which is heavy-duty and provides fastest setting. It dries fast with a short clamp time and has high solvent resistance.

Does PVA glue yellow over time? 

No, PVA glue doesn’t turn yellow over time. It dries clear and transparent. 

Can I use PVA glue as a sealer?

PVA glue is a white crafting glue that you can use as a sealer on some Decoupage projects. It is transparent and acts as a high performance sealer, primer. Plus,  it’s suitable for various materials and surfaces.

Final Thoughts: Which Is Better Between Aliphatic Glue Vs PVA?

Both the Aliphatic and PVA are great for creating strong bonds in wood joints. But if you have to choose one, we must recommend Aliphatic glue. 

If you want a waterproof glue, the Aliphatic adhesive is best for you. On top, it can work at a higher temperature than PVA. Plus, this glue has an efficient grabbing ability after applying to the surface. So you can see, Aliphatic glue has exclusive advantages that make the glue better than others. If you want to go with Aliphatic then try Titebond Original which is one of the best Aliphatic based adhesives. 

However, if you want to enjoy a safe and easy to use adhesive for your woodworking, or letting your kids do some carpeting then you should go with Elmer’s Liquid PVA Glue, one of the best PVA based glue. 

Conclusion

As you learn the complete review about Aliphatic Glue and PVA, hopefully you get an ultimate picture of them in your mind. Both adhesives have their benefits and drawbacks. Thus you’ll buy one, choose carefully which can fulfill your needs. In conclusion, the suitable one is ultimately the better one. 

Good luck!